Model Rockets

Model Rockets

Kids have loved building models of transportation vehicles for generations, but many of these creations, too delicate to actually play with, end up gathering dust on a shelf. When model rockets arrived on the scene in 1960, however, they offered a far more exciting experience. Finally, a model that could perform as it was intended, soaring ferociously towards the heavens, only to safely return to earth, thanks to a handy parachute hidden within the nosecone. As a result, model rocketry has grown into an enormous hobby, beloved by millions of former kids, who have since introduced this educational pastime to their own offspring.

When the space race began to heat up in the 50s, kids were anxious to join in the fun. Many dangerously attempted to make their own rocket engines from whatever combustible material was lying around, and the result was numerous injuries. A scientist named Orville Carlisle, concerned about these dangers, invented a much safer rocket engine in 1954. Three years later, the National Association of Rocketry was established to promote the new hobby, placing a strong emphasis on safety.

In 1958, Vernon Estes, whose dad made fireworks for a living, founded Estes Industries. The new company manufactured model rocket engines and, in 1960, they began selling prepackaged kits via mail order that allowed kids to build a variety of scale-model rockets. The company wisely began offering discounts to youth organizations like the Boy Scouts, who helped promote the new hobby across the country. A half-century later, Estes is still one of the most recognized manufacturers of model rockets and engines.

Model rockets usually come unassembled, consisting of parts made from a combination of balsa wood, plastic and paper. Once assembled, a solid fuel engine is inserted and attached to a piece of electrical wire, connected many feet away to a battery-powered launch pad. By pressing a switch, electricity lights a fuse inserted into the engine, igniting the rocket and sending it skyward to altitudes upwards of 1,500 feet. In recent years, there have been significant increases in engine power, with some being able to achieve altitudes of 10,000 feet. These projectiles are less stable, however, and more suitable for adult use. And, as a reminder, all model rocket launching should be done under the supervision of an adult.

After being launched, and once the vessel reaches its maximum altitude, a parachute is usually deployed – returning the rocket safely to earth. Due to the heights these little spacecrafts can achieve, it is best to practice this hobby in a large open field, far away from rooftops and other obstacles that might make the rocket difficult to retrieve. And assuming that the model isn’t too heavily damaged from its return to earth, a rocket can usually make dozens of return voyages.

Kids often frown upon “educational toys,” but model rockets remain a popular exception. The Boy Scouts, in fact, require that a scout build and fly a model rocket if they want to earn a Space Exploration Merit Badge. More importantly, for over fifty years, this educational hobby has been credited with turning many of its young enthusiasts into future engineers and scientists. But whether as a fun activity or a prelude to a career, model rockets have provided countless hours of enjoyment to millions of kids. If you are one of them, we welcome your memories in our comments section!

2 Responses to “Model Rockets”

Read below or add a comment...

  1. I built and launched my first rocket, an Estes Streak back around 1967. I believe it reached 2000’……..I’m lucky that I found it! I went on to build and fly nearly 50 more rockets up to about 1976. This was an era known as the golden age of model rocketry……..with NASA’s Projects Gemini and Apollo creating an interest in rocketry for America’s (and the rest of the world’s) youth. Most of the products, engines, kits, etc.were manufactured by Estes Industries (Vern Estes) and Centuri Engineering (Lee Piester). Both companies made quality products and gave outstanding customer service that is rarely seen today by anyone. They also published technical reports that expanded a young person’s knowledge of model rocketry and rocketry in general. In 1970 Estes was bought out by Damon corporation and, in turn, bought out Centuri.. Since Mr. Estes and Mr. Piester were no longer in charge, the total quality of products and services went down. In 2010, Estes was bought out by Hobbico, an employee owned hobby distributor. This has dramatically increased the quality and selection of the Estes line.

    At this time, I am a BAR (Born again rocketeer) and I still enjoy building and launching rockets…….although they are often much larger.

    One thing I noticed in the article……you said some rockets today can reach 10,000 ft…….you forgot a zero! Many are breaking the 100k foot line and a couple of amateur rocketeers are aiming at the Kármán line (100 kilometers).

    D Zakk Holberg NAR # 91736

  2. Fred Goodwin says:

    Boy does this bring back memories, especially Holberg’s comments.

    My buddies and I formed a club at school called “NASA Jr.”. We built and launched model rockets, got together to watch NASA rocket launches, and generally just pal around and talk about space! We also wrote to NASA requesting their “NASA Facts” publications and color mission photos. I had enough NASA publications and photos to fill a cardboard book box!

    With everything on the Internet now, there is no need to request such things in hard copy, but back in the 1960’s, NASA was a great source of educational materials for kids!

Leave A Comment...